How do you become a hairdresser?

Becoming a hairdresser is an amazing journey filled with creativity, development of technical skills and human contact. This blog post unfolds the 4-year vocational training as a hairdresser and guides you through the various steps on the way to becoming a hairdresser.

22. January 2024

The 4 ways into the 4-year vocational training as a hairdresser

Do you dream of becoming a hairdresser? Cool! There are several ways into this exciting industry. Below we explore the four different routes into the 4-year vocational training as a hairdresser, and how you can find the right one for you.

How is the hairdressing education structured?

Basic course 1: The start of the journey
Basic course 2: In-depth understanding and preparation
New Master's Apprenticeship: Internship in Salon
Main course: From Internship to Self-employment
EUX: Combination with High School Examination

Start of Basic course 1 (GF1)

Basic course 1 is for you who come directly from 9./10. class. If you've just needed a short break, fear not - you just need to have finished 9th or 10th grade less than 14 months before starting school for GF1. Now you have entered - wildly exciting! GF1 takes 6 months and consists of both practical and theoretical teaching. Delicious!

Start of Basic course 2 (GF2)

When you finish GF1, you can continue on Basic Course 2, but some may actually skip GF1 altogether. If you have a signed internship agreement before the start of school and have passed your 9th/10th class exam, you can e.g. skip GF1 entirely. GF2 takes 20 weeks and focuses on the subjects that give you a basic understanding of the hairdressing industry.

Start as a new master teacher

If you start as a new master's apprentice, you replace both basic course 1 and 2 with an internship course in a hairdressing salon - will it be fatter?. You must still have passed your exam from 9/10. class and must also pass three theory subjects in order to continue on the programme.


Last but not least. The hairdressing course can be taken as an EUX, where it is combined with a high school exam, which also gives you access to other higher education courses. The EUX course lasts 5 years and 6 months.

Your first year at school: What to expect?

The first year of the hairdressing course is a journey into both theoretical and practical disciplines. You will not only get the scissors in your hand, but also build a solid understanding of hairdressing design principles and develop your skills in color theory. This first year on the hairdressing course is the foundation for your journey towards becoming a skilled hairdresser. From theoretical knowledge to practical skills training, you are on your way to forging your own path in the art of hair.

Design understanding and styles through time

The teaching covers different styles over time, so you get a deep understanding of both design, trends and the history behind the industry. From classic to modern trends, you will learn to identify and create different looks to suit each client's unique style and face shape.

Color theory and Product protection

Colors are an important part of hairdressing. You will learn color theory and techniques for applying and mixing colors for the best possible result. You will also receive guidance on the safe handling of various products, so that you protect both the customer and yourself. Remember that you are working with real chemicals.

Practical Teaching in Cutting, Color and Permanent

Your first practical lesson includes cutting, coloring and perming. You will get hands-on experience in adapting techniques to different hair types to achieve professional results.

The main course on the Hairdressing course

Here you alternate between internships and school courses, and the journey towards technical expertise and independence begins. Let's explore how this stage shapes you into a skilled hairdresser.

More Than Just Haircuts - Human Understanding

The most skilled hairdressers are not only technically skilled; they are also experts in people. In this part of the education, you are taught psychology, which gives you insight into how people think and how they act. Some believe that it is perhaps the most important point of the entire education.

Service subject and business understanding

In addition to psychology, you also learn other service subjects that give you business insight and knowledge of life in a salon. This includes understanding what it takes to run a successful business and provide your customers with an exceptional experience.


Your hairdressing training concludes with an exam that tests your skills and knowledge. This is the moment when you show that you are ready to step out as a fully trained and competent hairdresser.


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Written by Rasmus Østergaard

Author at Just Add People

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